Revised August 2012
The collection aims to provide access to a variety of language and linguistics
sources, developed primarily for an English-speaking audience.
The 400s are the smallest collection in nonfiction. English receives
the primary emphasis, with a variety of English-usage tools consisting
of dictionaries, grammars, thesauri, usage guides, and subject books about
the language. At present the library offers electronic resources that facilitate foreign language studies for English speakers in 45 languages and English for foreign speakers in 5 languages.
- 400 Language. Minimally developed, with a light focus
given to children's acquisition of language.
- 410 Linguistics. A small overview collection of linguistics,
including paleography (study of ancient and medieval handwriting)
is maintained. Signing sources should be further developed.
- 420 English and Old English (Anglo-Saxon). No Old English
sources are collected. Modern English sources such as general
dictionaries for various reading levels, some specialized dictionaries,
thesauri, grammars, and usage guides are maintained. Repetition
in this small collection is carefully avoided. Popular books about
the English language are developed and maintained. All titles
by established authors in the field are purchased. ESL (English
as a Second Language) and/or literacy tutor sources are developed
and maintained as determined by cooperative effort between the
library and local literacy office.
- 430 Germanic (Teutonic) languages. A small assortment
of dictionaries, grammars, and phrase books with an emphasis on
German is maintained. A small collection of Scandinavian and Dutch
sources are maintained.
- 440 Romance languages. A small assortment of French dictionaries,
grammars, and phrase books is maintained.
- 450 Italian, Romanian, Rhaeto-Romanic languages. A small
assortment of dictionaries, grammars, and phrase books with an
emphasis on Italian is maintained.
- 460 Spanish and Portuguese languages. A small assortment
of dictionaries, grammars, and phrase books with an emphasis
on Spanish is maintained. Spanish sources are more developed
than other foreign languages. Major Spanish works may be considered
for the collection. A small collection of Portuguese is developed
and maintained with minimal representation of dictionaries, grammars,
and phrase books.
- 470 Italic languages. A small Latin collection with minimal
representation of dictionaries and grammar is maintained.
- 480 Hellenic languages. Both small collections, ancient
Greek and Modern Greek are maintained with minimal representation
of dictionaries and grammars. For modern Greek, phrase book coverage
- 490 Other languages. None should receive coverage equivalent
to Spanish, German, or French, but a small emphasis on Hebrew
and Chinese sources is maintained. Japanese and Russian sources
need to be more fully developed. Phrase book collections are maintained
to include numerous languages (e.g., Serbo-Croatian, Korean, Thai,
Sioux, Filipino, Indonesian).
Purchases and buying patterns are determined in large part by:
- the primary language spoken by the majority of Campbell County's
- books and other materials are minimally collected in Spanish and
other languages as changes in our population warrant.
- electronic/Internet sources availability.
- new works.
- budget constraints.
- circulation statistics.
- patron requests.
- present and potential relevance to the community.
- shelf space.
- English language dictionaries are replaced every five to ten years,
usage guides every four to five years, thesauri less often.
- Sources about the use of the English language are weeded as new ones
- Foreign language sources are weeded only lightly, replacing grammars
and dictionaries every ten years, phrase books more frequently in order
to keep up with changes in the vernacular.